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Articolo n° 573383 del 21 Aprile 2022 delle ore 00:40

The fresh Marinids next put Marrakesh due to the fact an exercise crushed to the heirs toward throne, so you can hone their governing experiences

The fresh Marinids next put Marrakesh due to the fact an exercise crushed to the heirs toward throne, so you can hone their governing experiences

Marrakesh didn’t accept the eclipse gracefully, and repeatedly borrowed by itself because a bottom to have rebellions up against the Marinid rulers inside Fez. The newest harbinger is actually the nice 1279 revolt of your Sufyanid Arabs that has has just arrived in the location, which had been ground having complications by the mad ibn Ali ibn Muhalli, good Marinid consumer chieftain. The employment of this new label khalifa (“successor”) in order to signify any office of the governor regarding age toward utilize this is why. But the brilliance of your old purple financing a couple of times encouraged the latest more youthful princes to try high. The very first trainee, Abu logowanie shagle Amir, is scarcely a year from inside the workplace ahead of he was recommended of the brand new Marrakeshis in order to break the rules when you look at the 1288 against their father, this new emir Abu Yaqub Yusuf. After Abu Yaqub’s demise in 1307, the fresh Marrakesh governor, Yusuf ibn Abi Iyad, rebelled facing his relative, the new ir, and you may proclaimed liberty. Into the 1320, it was new turn away from Abu Ali, the latest kid and you can heir away from Abu Sa’id Uthman II, exactly who rebelled and captured Marrakesh. Spots was basically reversed when you look at the sultanate away from Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman, if the heir Abu Inan rebelled inside Fez during the 1349, as well as the ruling sultan escaped in order to Marrakesh, making you to definitely their base.

Abu Inan’s own man and heir, al-Mu’tamid ruled Marrakesh very nearly separately – otherwise, alot more accurately, resentful al-Hintati, the brand new higher captain of the Hintata of one’s Large Atlas (among the old Almohad Masmuda tribes). Al-Hintati reigned over the surrounding region, produced the Marinid heir within the Marrakesh below his flash, and you can establish a great modus vivendi to the sultan Abu Inan.

In pretty bad shape returned following death of Abd al-Aziz I within the 1372. The newest Marinid empire is effectively partitioned from inside the 1374 ranging from Abu al-Abbas ibn Abi Salim when you look at the Fez along with his cousin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Ifellusen into the Marrakesh. Nevertheless a couple rulers quarreled by 1382, Abu al-Abbas beaten his competitor and you will reconquered Marrakesh. The latest historic list after that is actually obscure, but it appears over time away from peace around Abu Abbas up until 1393, e efficiently a partial-independent condition in the possession of regarding effective regional governors (most likely Hintata chieftains once more), merely nominally subject to this new Marinid sultan from inside the Fez.

Al-Hintati remained learn of your south following loss of Abi Inan from inside the 1358, when the Marinid state dropped on chaos, and the fuel was battled more anywhere between a series of palace viziers in Fez

During the 1415, the newest Religious Kingdom away from Portugal launched a shock assault and you can captured Ceuta, the initial from some incursions by the expansionary A holiday in greece to the Morocco who would draw much of another millennium. Although effectively independent around Hintata emirs, paigns provided from the sultans from Fez against the Portuguese invaders in the Ceuta (1419) and Tangier (1437). After the incapacity to recuperate Ceuta, the latest Marinid emir are assassinated inside the 1420 and you can Morocco disconnected once more. The Wattasids, a connected good family members, caught electricity in Fez and you will influenced just like the regents and you may viziers with the behalf of Marinid child-sultan Abd al-Haqq II, however their authority failed to extremely increase much beyond Fez, and Marrakesh stayed practically separate (certainly once 1430) in the possession of away from Hintata emirs.

Immediately following central vitality was recovered by brand new Marinid sultan Abd al-Aziz I , al-Hintati went into the discover rebellion into the 1367 however, is actually sooner outdone within the 1370 and Marrakesh lso are-annexed

Sufism got found its way to this new Maghreb and you will local Sufi marabouts emerged in order to complete new vacuum cleaner out-of decreasing Marinid main stamina. No less than several chief twigs from Sufi maraboutism will be known:- the new Shadhiliyya (strong in Marrakesh, the fresh Sous, brand new Rif and Tlemcen), was a great deal more revolutionary and you can oppositional on mainly based Marinid-Wattasid bodies, as the Qadiriyya (important inside the Fez, Touat, Algiers and Bougie) try so much more modest and you can cooperative. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (“Sidi Ben Slimane”), an effective Sufi Shadhili imam on the Sous, skyrocketed so you’re able to prominence throughout the mid-fifteenth century. Are an effective sharif (we.elizabeth. good descendant about family of brand new Prophet Muhammad), Imam al-Jazuli rode a trend out-of nostalgia on the 9th-millennium sharifian Idrisids, whose popular cult got recently been restored, partly as a great contradistinction towards unpopular Marinids-Wattasids.

» F. Lammardo

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