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Articolo n° 575672 del 23 Aprile 2022 delle ore 20:04

In the course of the fresh 17th millennium, brand new Alawites, several other sharifian family, had depending on their own into the Tafilalet (Sijilmassa region)

In the course of the fresh 17th millennium, brand new Alawites, several other sharifian family, had depending on their own into the Tafilalet (Sijilmassa region)

Yusuf ibn Ali al-Sanhaji (“Sidi Yussef Ben Ali”, d

Following loss of the fresh new Alawite scion Ali al-Sharif when you look at the 1640, their guy Muley Muhammad turned your face of your members of the family and you will prolonged its prominence in your community. As much as 1659, certainly Muhammed’s brothers, Muley al-Rashid are expelled off Tafilalet (or remaining on his own agreement) and you can went on to help you roam as much as Morocco, sooner paying down into the Taza, where the guy rapidly managed to carve away a small fief to own themselves. Muley Muhammad, who had his or her own hopes and dreams along the nation, faced his sis, however, is defeated and you will slain external Taza inside 1664. Al-Rashid grabbed the family dominions regarding Talifalet plus the Draa area (and that Muhammad got conquered from inside the 1660). With these amplified basics, Muley al-Rashid encountered the wherewithal in order to discharge a venture away from conquest more than with the rest of Morocco.

Al-Rashid become their promotion from Taza in the northern and you can entered Fez when you look at the 1666, where he had been proclaimed sultan. 2 years later on, he defeated brand new Dili marabouts you to definitely controlled the guts Atlas. Muley al-Rashid proceeded southern to capture Marrakesh in the 1669, massacring the fresh Shabana Arabs in the process. He then continued into new Sous, overcoming they of the 1670, and thus reunifying Morocco (save yourself into the seaside parts, which could take a little expanded). Al-Rashid might be paid on the erecting brand new shrine and you may mosque off Qadi Iyad (“Cadi Ayyad”) inside Marrakesh, where in actuality the remains of their dad, Ali al-Sharif, base of your Alawite dynasty, was indeed translated. One or two after Alawite rulers (Moulay Suleiman and Muhammad IV) manage like end up being tucked here as well.

Ismail’s discipline off Marrakesh don’t stop around

Toward al-Rashid’s dying inside April 1672, Marrakesh would not claim allegiance so you’re able to their sibling and you may replacement Ismail Ibn Sharif, who had supported because the vice-roy from inside the Fez. As an alternative, Marrakeshis preferred his nephew Ahmad ibn Muhriz . Ismail punctually marched southern, beaten Ahmad and you can inserted Marrakesh inside Summer 1672. However, Ibn Muhriz fled and you will fled to the Sous, regarding whence however go back for the 1674, need Marrakesh as well as fortify himself around. Ismail is compelled to come back and you will lay a two-12 months siege towards city. Marrakesh ultimately fell to physical violence in the June 1677, hence time Muley Ismail took their revenge into the area, providing they over to the sack. Ibn Muhriz, however, got fled into the Sous again and you will create is actually a number of way more minutes to recoup it, up until he had been fundamentally tracked off and slain inside the 1687.

Ismail oriented his capital at the Meknes, constructing his regal palaces here which have materials removed on the palaces and you will structures off Marrakesh. Much of new Kasbah, carefully built up of the Saadians, is actually removed bare and you can kept from inside the ruins, just like the have been other Saadian palaces in town. Al-Mansur’s high al-Badi palace are around dismantled and you may carted off to Meknes, the fresh Abu al-Hasan Madrasa totally so.

Nevertheless, Ismail’s history in the Marrakesh wasn’t purely destructive. Ismail interpreted of a lot tombs out-of Sufi saints in your community to help you Marrakesh, and you can erected numerous the shrines to them. Seeking to imitate the great pilgrimage celebrations of Essaouira, Ismail expected the brand new Sufi sheikh Abu Ali al-Hassan al-Yusi to pick 7 ones to help you act as the latest “Seven New orleans saints” (Sab’atu Rijal) away from Marrakesh, and you may developed a different pilgrimage event. For starters day inside the later March, the newest pilgrims need certainly to https://datingranking.net/pl/whiplr-recenzja/ go to most of the eight shrines when you look at the necessary order (roughly anticlockwise): step 1. 1197), merely outside the Bab Aghmat regarding the southern part of, dos. Qadi Iyad (“Cadi Ayyad ben Moussa”, d.1149), for the Bab Aylan about eastern, step 3. Abu al-Abbas al-Sabti (“Sidi Bel Abbes”, d.1204), from the Bab Taghzout regarding northern (note: new pilgrimage station from two to three seats constantly away from eastern area wall, and you will re also-goes into within Bab el-Khemis, to contact new shrines regarding Sidi el-Djebbab and Sidi Ghanem in the act, while they aren’t a portion of the Seven); out of Bab Tahgzhout, the new pilgrimage street minds straight southern from the middle of your area, going to from inside the sequence new shrines off 4. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (“Sidi Ben Slimane”, d. 1465), simply south the last, 5. Abd al-Aziz al-Tabba (“Sidi Abdel Aziz el-Harrar”, 1508), just west of brand new Ben Youssef Mosque, six. Abdallah al-Ghazwani (“Sidi Mouley el-Ksour”, d.1528), just below this new al-Mouassine Mosque after that exiting the metropolis again, from Bab al-Robb door (west of the Kasbah) to arrive the past shrine 7. Abd al-Rahman al-Suhayli (“Sidi es-Souheli”, d.1185), outside the urban area on the southwest.

» F. Lammardo

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