Tutte le notizie di: | archivio
Articolo n° 575646 del 23 Aprile 2022 delle ore 19:05

The history out of Marrakesh, a city when you look at the southern area Morocco, extends straight back nearly a thousand decades

The history out of Marrakesh, a city when you look at the southern area Morocco, extends straight back nearly a thousand decades

Founded c. 1070 by Almoravids since the resource of its empire, Marrakesh went on to and act as the fresh imperial funding away from brand new Almohad Caliphate away from 1147. The latest Marinids, exactly who grabbed Marrakesh when you look at the 1269, moved the main city in order to Fez, making Marrakesh since an area resource of one’s south. During this time, they tend to bankrupt from during the rebellion to the a partial-autonomous state. Marrakesh are seized https://www.datingranking.net/pl/whatsyourprice-recenzja by Saadian sharifs in the 1525, and you will started again their status since imperial capital to own a good Morocco after they caught Fez inside 1549. Marrakesh reached the epic brilliance under the Saadians, exactly who greatly embellished the metropolis. The fresh Alawite sharifs seized Marrakesh from inside the 1669. Although it supported apparently while the quarters of your own Alawite sultans, Marrakesh wasn’t the definitive investment, just like the Alawite sultans went their courts appear to between certain metropolitan areas.

During the time of the background, Marrakesh reached periods of great splendor, disrupted by repeated political struggles, armed forces issues, famine, troubles and you can a couple of sacks. Much of it was remodeled regarding 19th 100 years. It was overcome by French troops within the 1912, and you can turned area of the French protectorate regarding Morocco. It remained part of the Empire of Morocco immediately following versatility during the 1956.

History of Marrakesh

Through the the background, Marrakesh have handled a keen rivalry which have Fez since the leading town during the Morocco, plus the nation tend to disconnected politically for the a few halves, which have Fez the capital of northern and you can Marrakesh the administrative centre of the southern area. The choice of Rabat since financial support of contemporary Morocco can get noticed due to the fact a compromise you to afforded none of these two competitor towns and cities primacy over the other.


The spot regarding Marrakesh, the newest simple southern area of your own Tensift Lake from inside the southern Morocco, try inhabited by the Berber farmers since the Neolithic minutes, and various brick tools was basically unearthed in your neighborhood.

Before introduction of the new Almoravids on the middle-11th century, the location was governed from the Maghrawa from the city of Aghmat (which in fact had served while the an area financing out of south Morocco since Idrisid times). The new Almoravids defeated Aghmat inside the 1058, delivering their popularity more southern Morocco. However, this new Almoravid emir Abu Bakr ibn Umar soon felt like Aghmat are overcrowded and you can the incorrect because their funding. Getting to begin with Sanhaja Lamtuna tribesmen on the Sahara Desert, the latest Almoravids wanted another location in the region that is a great deal more consonant along with their vintage existence. After appointment which have allied local Masmuda people, it absolutely was eventually felt like your Almoravids perform set-up the the ft to the neutral region, involving the Bani Haylana and the Bani Hazmira tribes. The fresh Almoravids rode away from Aghmat and you may pitched their desert tents into the west financial of your own short Issil river, and therefore marked the new edge between the two. The spot was open and you will bare, it got “no lifestyle issue but gazelles and you will ostriches and absolutely nothing expanding but lotus woods and you may colocynths”. Several kms into north is actually new Tensift River, to the south the brand new vast sloping basic from Haouz, pastureland suitable for its higher herds. In the a great day’s journey to the western is the fruitful Nfis river area, which could act as the new city’s breadbasket. Go out hands, nearly non-existent when you look at the Morocco northern of your own wilderness line, had been grown within encampment to provide the new essential of Lamtuna diets.

Discover a dispute regarding real base day: chroniclers Ibn Abi Zar and you can Ibn Khaldun provide while the c. 1061-62 while Ibn Idhari claims it absolutely was created when you look at the 1070. A likely reconciliation is that Marrakesh started in new 1060s, when Abu Bakr and the Almoravid chieftains first pitched the camping tents around, and that it stayed a wasteland-concept military encampment before first brick strengthening, the fresh new Qasr al-Hajar (“castle out-of stone”, the fresh Almoravid treasury and you will armory fort), are erected in may, 1070. During the early 1071, Abu Bakr are recalled towards the Sahara to place off a great rebellion, and it try his cousin (and you can eventual replacement) Yusuf ibn Tashfin which erected the city’s basic brick mosque. More property were erected soon after, mud-brick households gradually substitution new camping tents. The latest yellow world used in the bricks offered Marakesh its unique red colorization, and its particular common appellation ra (“Marrakesh the fresh Yellow”). This new style of buildings had been like the initial encampment, towards the effect you to early Marrakesh was an unusual-looking urban area, a sprawling gothic metropolitan cardio evocative away from wasteland lives, which have unexpected camping tents, grown palm trees and a retreat-for example feel.

» F. Lammardo

I commenti sono disabilitati.