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Articolo n° 650320 del 04 Luglio 2022 delle ore 13:48

Archaeometric analysis was impractical, since we were dealing with over 4,000 pieces of white ples from the counter at VI

Archaeometric analysis was impractical, since we were dealing with over 4,000 pieces of white ples from the counter at VI

Footnote 8

Per total of 8,135 panels of stone was documented during the course of this project, 6,047 at Pompeii and 2,088 at Herculaneum. Overall, 50% of these panels were white stones, mostly marble, 20% were grey and 27% polychrome (marble here being defined, as per antiquity, as any stone trapu of taking verso polish).

Different varieties of white or grey marbles generally were not distinguished between, except when it was possible sicuro do so confidently, as for Luna bardiglio or ellenico scritto. 17.3–4 were analysed using paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy by Regalato Attanasio per 2005. Footnote 7 All were chosen because they did not immagine like Satellite marble, which seems sicuro be the most common material used at both Pompeii and Herculaneum. The results showed that three were sopra fact Mese lunare, while the other two were Pentelic. Analyses performed on marble objects con several Pompeian houses spettacolo that per range of white marbles was imported into Pompeii, but that, for uses of any substantial elenco, Mese lunare was the default material.

Polychrome marbles, per contrast, can be identified by eye and the most attested on the bar counters are cipollino (9% of the total), ambiguita antico (5%), negro and portasanta (each 4%). Verso range of other imported materials is found durante much smaller quantities, including sassi di Settebasi and pavonazzetto, various alabasters, rosso antico, pietrisco corallina, breccia di Aleppo and fior di pesco. None of these materials could be considered particularly unusual for central Italy con the first century ad . However, several genuinely rare materials are also found on the counters. Eight fragments of Egyptian granites, of which two appear esatto be of Bekhen stone from Wadi Hammamat, were built into the mescita at V.9–10 in Herculaneum (below, 13). At Pompeii, verso large rectangular panel of green-grey granito della seggio di San Lorenzo from Wadi Umm Wikala, was used con the face of the mescita at VI.10.1/19 (below, 10), and verso disc of the black variety of Aswan granite (matita syenites or Thebaicus) was used mediante the same way at VII.15.5 (below, 12). Footnote 9 These granites are unusual even at Rome mediante this period, and are absent from domestic contexts mediante the Vesuvian cities. The scarcity and exoticism of these materials was understood and, as will be demonstrated, they were displayed prominently.

While the range of lithotypes recorded at both Pompeii and Herculaneum is broadly similar, there are noticeable differences sopra their quantities at the https://datingranking.net/it/e-chat-review/ two sites. There is a striking discrepancy, durante particular, per the ratio of white, grey and polychrome ple size at the two sites differs, we should be careful not onesto read too much into this, but the extant caffe counters at Herculaneum clearly employed verso far higher proportion of polychrome marbles than is normal at Pompeii. Other slight differences can be noted con terms of the actual marbles attested ( 7). The sommita four polychrome marbles at both sites are cipollino, africano, ambiguita passato and portasanta; but while cipollino dominates at Pompeii, roughly equal quantities of these materials are found at Herculaneum. Con actual quantities, the eight caffe counters examined at Herculaneum employ almost the same number of giallo accaduto pieces as the 49 at Pompeii (212 compared esatto 228), more ghiaia di Settebasi (66 pieces esatto 52) and more alabaster (37 onesto 21).


Differences sopra the quantities and range of materials used can be noted also between individual premises. Most bars use relatively few polychrome panels: on 41 of the 57 bars (72%) they account for less than 30% of all the materials used; and on 31 of these (56% of all the bars) this total was less than 20%. None of these bars had more than 48 pieces of polychrome marble on their counters and most had less than twenty. However, verso much smaller number of bars makes considerable use of polychrome marbles. On eight bars (14% of the total), polychrome marbles accounted for over 40% of the materials used (below, 16a). Footnote 10 Six bars, con fact, four of them at Herculaneum, had more than 100 pieces of polychrome marble on them. Footnote 11

» F. Lammardo

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